Glossary

A   B C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z
A  
AN-ZA flat sitting position
ATEMI WAZA striking technique
   
C  
CHUI caution: warning to competitor
   
D  
DAN black belt degree
DE-ASHI-BARAI advanced foot sweep
DO system, way, method
DOJO “meditation hall”, Judo Club or school
   
F TOP
FUSEN-GACHI win by default
FUSEN-SHO lose by default
   
G TOP
GACHI (KACHI) win
GODAN 5th degree (dan) black belt holder
GOKYO the 5 groups comprising the 40 basic Kodokan throwing techniques
GOKYU 5th grade colored belt – yellow belt in Canada
GYAKU-JUJU-JIME reverse cross strangle
   
H TOP
HACHIDAN 8th degree (dan) black belt holder
HADAKA-JIME naked or bare-arm strangle (choke)
HAJIME begin; a referee’s command
HANE-GOSHI spring hip throw
HANSOKU-MAKE disqualification
HANTEI request for decision (referee)
HARAI-GOSHI sweeping hip throw
HIDARI left
HIDARI-JIGOTAI left defensive posture
HIDARI-SHIZENTAI left natural posture
HIKI-WAKE draw; tie contest
HIZA-GURUMA knee wheel
   
I TOP
IKKYU lst grade colored belt – brown belt in Canada
IPPON full point
IPPON-SEOI-NAGE one arm shoulder throw
   
J TOP
JIGOTAI defensive posture
JIME (SHIME) strangle
JITA-KYOEI mutual welfare and benefit
JU 1) soft, gentle, non resisting 2) 10, 3) cross
JUDAN 10th degree (dan) black belt holder
JUDO a gentle way
JUDOGI judo uniform
JUDOKA a person who practices Judo
JUJI-GATAME cross arm-lock (see Ude-Hishigi-Juji-Gatame)
JUJITSU the gentle art, the yielding art
   
K TOP
KAESHI-WAZA counter technique
KAKE throw
KAMI-SHIHO-GATAME upper four quarters hold
KANSETSU-WAZA joint locking techniques – (arm-locks)
KATA-GATAME shoulder hold
KATA-GURUMA shoulder wheel
KATA-HA-JIME single wing strangle
KATA-JUJI-JIME half cross strangle
KAWAZU-GAKE throwing the opponent with one leg entwined around his(illegal act)
KEIKOKU warning (equivalent to waza-ari); a serious warning to competitors (penalty)
KESA-GATAME scarf hold
KIKEN-GACHI win by withdrawal of opponent for injury.
KO small or minor
KODOKAN a school for learning the way; the birth place of Judo
KOKOKAN GOKYO see Gokyo
KOHO backwards (breakfall)
KOKA almost yuko – a minor point – the least score
KOSHI-GURUMA hip wheel
KO-SOTO-GAKE minor outer hooking ankle throw
KO-UCHI-GARI minor inner reaping
KUDAN 9th degree (dan) black belt holder
KUMI-KATA methods of grasping, competitors grip
KUZURE-KAMI-SHIHO-GATAME modified upper four quarters hold
KUZUSHI breaking balance
KYU rank or grade below black belt
   
M TOP
MAITTA “I give up”; a signal of submission
MATTE wait (competitors must separate) referee’s command
MIGI right side
MIGI-JIGOTAI right defensive posture
MIGI-SHIZENTAI right natural posture
MUDANSHA non-black belt holder
   
N TOP
NAGE-NO-KATA forms of throwing
NAGE-WAZA throwing techrique
NAME-JUJI-JIME normal cross strangle
NE-WAZA grappling techniques
NIDAN 2nd degree (dan) black belt holder
NIKYU 2nd degree colored belt – blue belt in Canada
   
O TOP
O big or major
O-GOSHI major hip throw
OKURI-ASHI-BARAI sweeping ankle throw
OKURI-ERI-JIME sliding collar strangle
OSAE-KOMI holding
OSAEKOMI-WAZA holding techniques
O-SOTO-GARI major outer reaping
O-UCHI-GARI major inner reaping
   
R TOP
RANDORI free style practice
REI bow
RENRAKU-WAZA combination technique
RENSOKU-WAZA shadow practice (solo practice)
RITSU-REI standing bow
ROKKYU 6th degree colored belt – white belt in Canada
ROKUDAN 6th degree (dan) black belt holder
   
S TOP
SANDAN 3rd degree (dan) black belt holder
SANKYU 3rd grade colored belt – green belt in Canada
SASAE-TSURIKOMI-ASHI propping drawing ankle throw
SEIRYOKU-ZENYO maximum efficiency with minimum effort
SEI-ZA kneeling position
SENSEI teacher literally, first born
SEOI-NAGE shoulder throw
SHIAI tournament, competition
SHICHIDAN 7th degree (dan) black belt holder
SHIDO take note; warning to competitor for minor infraction(penalty)
SHIME-WAZA strangling techniques
SHIN-GI-TAI refers to mental attitude and spirit, and physical condition
SHISEI posture
RITSU-REI standing bow
SHIZENTAI natural posture
SHIZEN-HONTAI basic natural posture
SHODAN Ist degree (dan) black belt holder
SOGO-GACHI compound win
SOKUHO sideways (break fall)
SONO-MAMA do not move, freeze; a referee’s command
SORE-MADE that is all, the end of a match
SUTE-GEIKO non-resistive free practice
   
T TOP
TACHI-WAZA standing techniques
TAI body – physical form
TAI-OTOSHI body-drop
TAI-SABAKI standing body movement
TATAMI judo mats, a rice straw mat
TATE-SHIHO-GATAME longitudinal holding of four quarters
TOKETA the hold is broken
TOMOE-NAGE stomach throw or throwing in high circle
TORI person who is attacking or throwing
TSUBAME-GAESHI swallow throw, counter de-ashi-barai with the same throw
TSUGI-ASHI walking, following foot does not catch up
TSUKURI throw preparation; entry for throwing technique
TSURI-GOSHI lifting hip throw
TSURI-KOMI-GOSHI drawing lifting hip throw
   
U TOP
UCHI-KOMI repetitive drill; repetition of attacking technique without completion
UCHI-MATA inner thigh throw
UDE-GARAMI entangled arm-lock
UDE-HISHIGI-JUJI-GATAME cross arm-lock
UKE person receiving the attacks
UKEMI breakfall, the practice of falling
UKI-GOSHI floating hip throw
UKI-OTOSHI floating drop
USHIRO-GOSHI rear hip throw
   
W TOP
WAZA technique
WAZA-ARI near technique; the second highest score, almost ippon
WAZA-ARI-AWAZATE-IPPON the addition of two near-techniques equals ippon
   
Y TOP
YAKUSOKU-GEIKO situation drills
YOKO-SHIHO-GATAME side four-quarters hold
YONDAN 4th degree (dan) black belt holder
YONKYU 4th grade colored belt – orange belt in Canada
YOSHI carry on, go ahead
YUDANSHA a person having a black belt degree
YUKO almost waza-ari
YUSEI-GACHI win by superiority
   
Z TOP
ZA-REI kneeling bow
ZEMPO-KAITEN forward roll